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Renewable energy Serbia overview

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The production from renewable energy sources is not yet under the regulative, so there is an absence of feed-in tariffs and similar mechanism and instruments that subvene the favourable sources of energy.

But, the National Implementation Program of Strategy for the development of energy sector up to 2015 has been ratified by the Parliament at the beginning of 2007. The National Assembly of The Republic of Serbia has adopted the “Program for the implementation of Strategy for the Development of Energy Sector in Serbia for the Period to 2015”.

[ Serbian Government ]

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The Strategy has been adopted by The National Assembly in May 2005 (Official Gazette no. 44/05). The program reflects the period 2007 – 2012.

Program for the implementation of Strategy (further on PROGRAM) comprise preconditions, tools and timeline of activities for Strategy implementation in all energy sectors, that is:

  • Mines with open pit and underground exploitation
  • Oil industry
  • Oil transportation
  • Gas industry
  • Electric power sector ( hydropower plants, thermo power plants, thermo power plants – heat plants, transmission and distribution of electric power
  • Town Heat plants and individual boiler houses
  • Energy in industry sector
  • Energy efficiency within consumption sector: industry, transport, building stock, as well as establishing Energy Efficiency Fund
  • Renewable energy sources
  • Environmental protection in energy sector

Financing funds for designed tasks as well and financing sources are in accordance with adopted Strategy and mid and long-term plans and programs of public enterprises. Needed funds are calculated and will be adjusted accordingly with the national budget available funds, according to Budget Law.

Hydro-Power Energy

Hydro Power Plants

The total capacity of nine hydro power plants with fifty hydro units amounts to 2,831 MW, which makes almost 34 percent of EPS’s total electric power potential.

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Hydro power plants produced 11,021 GWh in 2004, which makes 31 percent of the total electric power production of the Electric Power Industry of Serbia.

Hydro Power Plants (HPP) are:

Economic Association HPP Djerdap, plc with its subsidiaries:

  • HPP Djerdap I (with 6 units)
  • HPP Djerdap II (with 10 units)
  • HPP Pirot (with 2 units)
  • HPP Vlasina (with 10 units)

Economic Association HPP Drinsko-limske, plc with its subsidiaries:

  • HPP Bajina Basta (with 4 units)
  • HPP Bajina Basta (with 2 units)
  • HPP Limske (with 8 units)
  • HPP Zvornik (with 4 units)
  • HPP Elektromorava (with 4 units)

Construction of HPP “Djerdap I” began as early as 1964, through joint investment of Yugoslavia and Romania. The first units were put into operation in 1970, and the whole plant was put into operation on 16 May, 1972.

The basic activity of this hydro power plant is not only electric power production, but also operation of water locks in the “Djerdap I” and “Djerdap II” system.

HPP “Djerdap I” has two-level water locks (ships enter the chamber and then they are “led” into the end water level of the Danube at the chamber end). In terms of chamber dimensions, these water locks are among the largest ones in the world.

Reversible hydro power plant i.e. Pumped – storage Hydro Power Plant

Pumped storage hydroelectricity is a method of storing and producing electricity to supply high peak demands by moving water between reservoirs at different elevations.

The Electric Power System of Serbia also possesses one specific plant, the reversible hydro power plant Bajina Basta. In the generator operation regime, this plant is practically a hydro power plant with all its advantages – characteristics.

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