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The strategic partnership between Serbia and Germany in the mobility sector

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The analysis conducted by the German-Serbian Chamber of Commerce in Serbia (AHK) sheds light on the trade dynamics between Serbia and Germany spanning from 2015 to 2022. Here’s a rephrased version of the key points from the report:

  1. Foundational Role of the Mobility Sector: Integral to the trade relations between Serbia and Germany are products encompassing the mobility sector, including electric components, insulated wire, motor parts, and pneumatic tires. These trade exchanges predominantly hinge on German investments, as German firms strategically stabilize their supply chains through nearshoring—relocating production to neighboring countries.
  2. Serbia’s Appeal to Foreign Investors: Serbia’s attractiveness to foreign investors is underscored by its industrial heritage, with the economy of former Yugoslavia deeply intertwined with more developed European counterparts.
  3. Pandemic-induced Challenges: The global pandemic exerted pressure on multinational corporations and their supply chains due to virus-related restrictions, resulting in disruptions and production slowdowns. This prompted a pivot towards nearshoring to mitigate risks.
  4. Trade Growth and Deficit Reduction: Serbia experienced a robust annual export growth rate of 15.8% to Germany, outpacing import growth, which stood at 11.1%. Consequently, Serbia’s trade deficit with Germany narrowed from €667 million to €385 million between 2015 and 2022.
  5. Prevalence of the Mobility Sector in Trade: A significant portion of Serbia’s imports from Germany falls within the mobility sector, constituting approximately 25% of the total share, valued at €1.1 billion. These imports mainly comprise parts intended for further integration into semi-finished products and vehicles.
  6. Impact of Investments on the Mobility Sector: German investments have been instrumental in propelling the growth of Serbia’s mobility sector, witnessing a remarkable 229% surge during the review period, amounting to around €2.1 billion.
  7. Positive Implications for Employment and Industrial Progress: Enhanced trade cooperation has not only bolstered the balance of payments but also spurred job creation, fueling reindustrialization and nurturing human capital.
  8. Influence of German Business Practices and Innovation: German firms have introduced competitive business environments and innovative practices in Serbia, facilitating the ascension of local enterprises. This has paved the way for the emergence of Serbia’s own “Mittelstand,” with German investments catalyzing substantial economic spill-over effects.

In essence, the analysis underscores the pivotal role of German investments in fostering Serbia’s economic advancement, particularly within the mobility sector, while emphasizing the constructive impacts on trade, employment, and industrial development.

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